Aciclovir contains approximately 200 mg of Aciclovir. This drug is consumed for the cure of viral infection. Aciclovir molecular structure is similar to that of purine nucleoside. Although this medicine is synthetic, it is safe and effective at what it does.
Aciclovir is composed of 200 mg of Aciclovir which is the active ingredient in the drug. Other inactive ingredients present in the drug include:
- Microcrystalline cellulose;
- Magnesium stearate;
- Colloidal anhydrous;
- Pregelatinized Starch;
- Sodium starch glycolate;
Common use (indication)
Aciclovir is an antiviral drug commonly used for treating severe to mild viral infections. It is useful for preventing some viral infections like genital herpes, or viral infections in people with a lower immune system. It also helps prevent the spread of viral infection in people with a lower immune system. Aciclovir has also helped reduce the period of pain felt after a sore has healed. Generally, Aciclovir helps treat viral infections like:
- Glandular fever or Epstein Barr Virus;
- Lessen the rate of growth of Cytomegalovirus (CMV);
- Cold sore.
Mode of Indication, Dosage, Duration of Treatment
Aciclovir is an orally administered drug. It can be used with or without the meal, usually 2 – 5 times a day, or as prescribed by the doctor. Aciclovir should be consumed regularly, and a cup of water at room temperature should be used to swallow it. Do not take Aciclovir longer than the duration of treatment. Take all the tablets as instructed by your doctor. And for kids who cannot swallow, crush the pill in a cup of water, dissolve it completely, and make them drink the cup of water completely. The dosage you are to take depend on your body weight and the current state of your illness. Inform your doctor in case of any change in body weight or symptom.
Talk to your doctor in case you have any health problems before the use of Aciclovir. The following are some precautions that should not be neglected:
- Health problems like kidney failure or liver diseases could pose negatively to the effects of Aciclovir.
- Cases of any allergies should also be told to your doctor. Some common allergies that should not be neglected include allergies to preservative, dyes, and foods.
- If you are pregnant, let your doctor know before using Aciclovir, or if you are planning to be pregnant, information like that should not be neglected.
- Breasting feeding mothers should also take precaution when using Aciclovir.
- It is also vital that you inform your doctor of all the drugs you are making use of before using Aciclovir.
In case of any side effects whatsoever; it should be reported to your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Some common side effects associated with taking Aciclovir includes:
- Feeling headache;
- Frequent stomach pains;
- Having a skin reaction when exposed to sunlight – photosensitivity;
When you remember you missed a dose of Aciclovir, take it immediately. But if the time you remembered you missed the dose is close to the time you are to take the next dose, skip the missed dose.
In the case of Aciclovir overdose, seek emergency help. The symptom of Aciclovir could include seizure, lessen urine and hallucinations.
Hypersensitive patients are contraindicated to the drug –Aciclovir.
Interaction with other drugs
Aciclovir reacts negatively with other drugs. For example, taking Aciclovir and Phenytoin. When these twodrugs are taken together, it causes the level of phenytoin in the body to be reduced. This makes Aciclovir less effective in the body. But your doctor could measure the level of phenytoin in the body to adjust the level of Aciclovir you are to take to make the drug effective.